Jump to content. An anal fissure is a tear in the lining of the lower rectum anal canal that causes pain during bowel movements. Anal fissures don't lead to more serious problems. Most anal fissures heal with home treatment after a few days or weeks. These are called short-term acute anal fissures.
Back to Anal fissure. Like other small cuts or tears to the skin, an anal fissure will often heal by itself within a few weeks. Most anal fissures will heal with treatment, although they can happen again easily, particularly if you don't follow the self-help advice outlined below. There are a number of different medicines your GP may recommend to help reduce your symptoms and allow your anal fissure to heal. Adults with an anal fissure will usually be prescribed bulk-forming laxative tablets or granules. These work by helping your poo retain fluid, making it softer and less likely to dry out.
The goal of anal fissure treatment is to lower the pressure on the anal canal by making stools soft, and to ease discomfort and bleeding. Conservative treatments are tried first and include one or more of the following:. These practices heal most fissures 80 to 90 percent within several weeks to several months. However, when treatments fail and anal fissures persist or come back, other measures can be tried, including:.
I had pain and some bleeding during bowel movements. My doctor says it's an anal fissure. What is that, and what's the best way to treat it?